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The Science

In the early 2000s, researchers in Australia discovered a connection between consuming FODMAPs and  stomach-related symptoms.  This was particularly significant to those of us who have suffered for years, but don’t meet the diagnostic criteria for gastrointestinal conditions such as Chron’s, Celiac, or even Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

By eliminating FODMAPs from my diet, I experienced immediate improvement.  Below are links to some of the science if you want to learn more.   We are also compiling a bibliography … please feel free to contribute!

 

What Are FODMAPs?

Barbara Bradley Bolen, Ph.D.,

About.com Guide

Updated April 09, 2012

 

Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) and nonallergic food intolerance: FODMAPs or food chemicals?

Jacqueline S. Barrett & Peter R. Gibson

Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Vol. 5 No.4: 261–268 (2012)

 

The Science Behind FODMAPs

Peter Gibson

http://www.gastro2011.co.nz/downloads/presentations/session6a/The%20Science%20behind%20FODMAPS%20-%20Prof%20Peter%20Gibson.pdf

November 2011

 

The FODMAPs Approach — Minimize Consumption of Fermentable Carbs to Manage Functional Gut Disorder Symptoms

Kate Scarlata, RD, LDN

Today’s Dietitian

Vol. 12 No. 8: 30 (August 2010)

 

Evidence-based dietary management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms: The FODMAP approach.

Peter R. Gibson & Susan J. Shepherd

Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Australia)

Vol. 25: 252-258 (2010)

 

Treating IBS symptoms – Is the low FODMAP diet an option? [download PDF for free]

Heidi Staudacher

People who suffer from IBS are constantly searching for new ways of managing their symptoms. The low FODMAP diet is an innovative evidence based approach that has been shown to be very effective in improving IBS symptoms. Heidi Staudacher, Research Dietitian, reveals the science behind this dietary approach.

 King’s College London and Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust

May 2010

 

Personal view: food for thought – western lifestyle and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. The FODMAP hypothesis.

P.R. Gibson & S.J Shepherd

Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Vol. 21: 1399-1409 (2005)

 

Stanford University – Low FODMAP Diet Handout

FODMAP Information from the Stanford Hospital & Clinics, Stanford University Medical Center, Digestive Health Center, Nutrition Services

“Symptoms of gas, bloating, cramping and/or diarrhea may occur in those who could be sensitive to the effects of FODMAPs. A low FODMAP diet may help reduce symptoms, which will limit foods high in fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans and polyols.”

August 2012

 

A FODMAP Diet Update: Craze or Credible?

Thomas, J.R., Nanda, R., and Shu, L.H. (2012).  Parrish, C.R. (Ed.) Nutrition Issues in Gastroenterology, Series #112.

Practical Gastroenterology

Vol. 36, No. 12: 37-46 (2012).

CONCLUSION:  … evidence indicates that the FODMAP diet provides an effective approach to managing patients with FGID. Drug therapy is often necessary as well, but long-term success is likely to take place only after the addition of dietary changes. More research is needed to determine the FODMAP content of all foods and to determine the legitimacy of applying a low FODMAP diet to patients with IBD. Many gastroenterologist and dietitians are now starting to apply this diet in clinical practice. The FODMAP diet may have once been a craze, but now with an  increasing body of evidence behind it, is definitely a credible and valuable tool in the management of patients with FGID

 

Gluten Effects Study 2013

No Effects of Gluten in Patients With Self-Reported Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity After Dietary Reduction of Fermentable, Poorly Absorbed, Short-Chain Carbohydrates

Jessica R. Biesiekierski, Simone L. Peters, Evan D. Newnham, Ourania Rosella,Jane G. Muir,Peter R. Gibson

GASTROENTEROLOGY 2013;145:320–328

Department of Gastroenterology, Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia and 2Department of Gastroenterology, Central Clinical School, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

In all participants, gastrointestinal symptoms consistently and significantly improved during reduced FODMAP intake, but significantly worsened to a similar degree when their diets included gluten or whey protein. Gluten-specific effects were observed in only 8% of participants. There were no diet-specific changes in any biomarker. During the 3-day rechallenge, participants’ symptoms increased by similar levels among groups. Gluten-specific gastrointestinal effects were not reproduced. An order effect was observed.

 

Evidence-based dietary management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms: The FODMAP approach

Evidence-based dietary management of functional gastrointestinal symptoms: The FODMAP approach. Peter R. Gibson & Susan J. Shepherd Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Australia) Vol. 25: 252-258 (2010)

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Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) and nonallergic food intolerance: FODMAPs or food chemicals?

Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) and nonallergic food intolerance: FODMAPs or food chemicals? Jacqueline S. Barrett & Peter R. Gibson Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology Vol. 5 No.4: 261–268 (2012)

View page »

FODMAP Bibliography

This is a working bibliography of scientific and anecdotal information about FODMAPs and FODMAP dieting.   Please feel free to download it and add to it!  Let’s keep the information flowing!

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Low Fodmap Diet May Relieve IBS Symptoms

http://youtu.be/qqhB2nf5qqw

Interesting video by one of the original researchers of FODMAPS:      

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Personal view: food for thought – western lifestyle and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. The FODMAP hypothesis

Personal view: food for thought – western lifestyle and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. The FODMAP hypothesis. P.R. Gibson & S.J Shepherd Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Vol. 21: 1399-1409 (2005)

View page »

Stanford University – Low FODMAP Diet

The Low FODMAP Diet   FODMAP Information from the Stanford Hospital & Clinics, Stanford University Medical Center, Digestive Health Center, Nutrition Services   “Symptoms of gas, bloating, cramping and/or diarrhea may occur in those who could be sensitive to the effects of FODMAPs. A low FODMAP diet may help reduce symptoms, which will limit foods …

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The Composition of Soybean Lecithin

Soy lecithin is extracted from soybean oil. It is used as a food and drug additive (often as an emulsifier). In 1981, the Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society published a study of the “Composition of Soybean Lecithin”.  The primary finding was, “Commercial soybean lecithin is a complex mixture containing approximately 65-75% phospholipids together …

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The Science Behind FODMAPs

The Science Behind FODMAPs Peter Gibson http://www.gastro2011.co.nz/downloads/presentations/session6a/The%20Science%20behind%20FODMAPS%20-%20Prof%20Peter%20Gibson.pdf November 2011

View page »

Treating IBS symptoms – Is the low FODMAP diet an option?

Treating IBS symptoms – Is the low FODMAP diet an option? [download PDF for free]   Heidi Staudacher   People who suffer from IBS are constantly searching for new ways of managing their symptoms. The low FODMAP diet is an innovative evidence based approach that has been shown to be very effective in improving IBS …

View page »

What Are FODMAPs?

What Are FODMAPs? Barbara Bradley Bolen, Ph.D., About.com Guide Updated April 09, 2012

View page »

2 comments

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  1. Wedding Party Dresses

    I do not usually answer posts but I am going to in this case, great information?- I will certainly bookmark your site. Keep up the good operate!’s a Also, I have shared your website in my social networks! post.

    1. LIVING FODMAP Free

      Thanks for sharing! We are developing this site to help people find FODMAP info … perhaps a little easier than we did!

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